By definition, menopause is the permanent cessation of the primary functions of the ovaries, according to Wikipedia.org.
The ovaries are solely responsible for the ripening and release of ova and hormones that cause both the creation of the uterine lining and the subsequent shedding of the uterine lining or periods.
This transition from a potentially reproductive to a non-reproductive state is the result of a reduction in female hormonal production by the ovaries.
“Let us talk science for now. At birth there are typically one million ova or eggs. When menopause begins, only 400 eggs would have actually matured,” says Dorothy Zziwa, a maternal health and fertility researcher.
She says that it is true that with advancing age and decreasing fertility, there is also a corresponding increase in miscarriages.
A research by Paragon Fertility center in Bugolobi on the chances of getting pregnant within a month among different age groups showed worrying results.
Between 20-30 years of age, the woman’s chance of getting pregnant stands at 20-25%. For those between 30-35 years of age, it’s at 15%, and there is a 10% chance for those who fall under the 35-40 bracket.
As you would already have figured, the chances are even more reduced the older a woman grows: 5% for those 40-45 and plunges to a measly 1% for those older than 45.
The research by Paragon further shows that today, menopause could hit women as young as 37 years – a situation termed as “early menopause”.
Dr. Ololobo Lalobo, a fertility expert at the health facility, says that when menopause presents symptoms, something can be done.
“It is possible until you reach the 12-months-without-a-period mark for one to be officially declared in their menopause.
During that time, he says, a woman can visit a fertility clinic and seek advice on the issue of their fertility.
“We say it is possible but it is a delicate situation, remember there is only a 1% chance of them conceiving naturally, which means we have to help them get that baby scientifically.”
At this point, both partners are brought in for monitoring, just to see if they are both capable, says Dr. Lalobo.
“Yes, we might be here worried about the woman and yet the man she wants to have babies with can’t get a woman pregnant naturally.”
He says there are various options like; timed intercourse encouraged after a bit of fertility treatments, and if all fails, they could explore surrogacy.